Liability insurance is a kind of insurance policy that protects the insured against monetary obligations that may result from harm or damage the policyholder has inflicted on someone else or their property.
This insurance policy is obtained primarily by businesses or people who could be held legally accountable for accidents or other problems. It is particularly true for hospitals, physicians, and even business owners. A manufacturer, for instance, could be held liable for damages if they sold goods that were defective or damaged the products of others. Possessing liability insurance will protect the manufacturer from any resulting legal costs.
How Does Liability Insurance Work?
Anyone who is legally responsible and at fault for someone else’s injuries or who causes damage to someone else’s property must have liability insurance. Liability insurance is therefore also known as third-party insurance. Even if the insured party is found legally liable, liability insurance does not cover intentional or criminal acts. Anyone who owns a business, practices medicine, practices law, or uses a vehicle – in other words, anyone who could be held liable for losses and/or injuries – takes out insurance. Policies cover both the insured and any third parties who may sustain injuries due to the policyholder’s negligent behavior.
For instance, the majority of states mandate that car owners carry liability insurance as part of their auto insurance contracts to cover damage to other people’s property and injury to other people in the event of accidents. If a product is defective and causes harm to customers or other third parties, the manufacturer may be covered by product liability insurance. Business owners can buy liability insurance that protects them if an employee is hurt while conducting business. Liability insurance policies are also necessary because of the professional judgments that surgeons and doctors make.
Types of Liability Insurance:
Business owners are subject to a variety of liabilities, any of which could result in significant claims against their assets. Every business owner must have an asset protection strategy in place that is based on the availability of liability insurance. Following are the types of liability insurance:
- Employee benefits and employer liability: Employers are obligated to have coverage that guards against liabilities resulting from employee accidents or fatalities.
- Product liability protection: It is for companies that produce goods to be sold on the open market. It shields businesses from lawsuits brought about by injuries or fatalities brought on by their products.
- Indemnity insurance: Protects from negligence claims arising from monetary losses brought on by errors or failures to perform.
- Liability protection for executives: Protects a company’s board of directors or officers from liability if the company is sued.
- Umbrella liability: It is made to fend off catastrophic losses. Usually, coverage begins once the liability limits of other insurance are obtained.
- Commercial coverage: It offers insurance coverage for lawsuits resulting from harm to workers and the general public and property damage caused by an employee; also, as for infringement of intellectual property, slander, libel, contractual liability, tenant liability, employment practices liability, etc.
- Comprehensive general coverage: Bodily injury, property damage, personal and advertising injury, medical payments, and operations and premises liability are all covered under this insurance.
Liability coverage inclusions:
- Covers costs associated with investigations, attorney and investigator fees, and lawsuits brought against the insured.
- Any medical expenses caused by a third party as a result of an accident on the insured person’s property.
- Medical costs incurred as a result of an accident involving any of the insured person’s products, marketing materials, etc.
- Any harm done to a third party while visiting the policyholder’s premises.
Liability coverage exclusions:
- Intentional wrongdoing and damages are not covered.
- Damage or loss brought on by a natural disaster, such as a volcanic eruption, earthquake, typhoon, flood, storm, or tornado.
- Market losses and goodwill.
- Libel and slander-related losses.
- Patent, trademark, copyright, trade name, and similar infringements are not protected.
- War, nuclear war, or acts of God-related loss or damage.
- Penalties and fines are not covered.
- False arrest, defamation, and unsuitable eviction costs are not covered.
Special Implications:High-net-worth individuals (HNWIs) or those with significant assets are more likely to purchase personal liability insurance policies, but anyone whose net worth exceeds the combined coverage limits of other personal insurance policies, such as home and auto coverage, is advised to do so. Even though most carriers offer discounted rates for coverage bundles, the cost of an additional insurance policy isn’t appealing to everyone. Personal liability insurance is regarded as a secondary policy, and policyholders may be required to carry specific limits on their home and auto policies, which could lead to additional costs.